Expert Review on Wood Flooring to achieve and Executive Outlook
Engineered Wood Flooring
Engineered wood flooring refers to the creation of real wood floors with the word engineered being used purposely to show the method used to make the wooden floors.
These engineered wood floors have a range of benefits accrued to them over other types of floors. The below listed are the major advantages of engineered wood floors:
- The engineered wood floors consist of various layers bonded in a cross-section structure which is more resilient than one slice of solid wood. In addition to this, the engineered wood floors are structurally sound and thus they do not buckle or twist.
- It is easy to install the engineered wood floors directly in concrete.
- The exterior of the engineered wood floors is crafted from the finest woods found, and that deliver a uniform color and are resistant to constant expansion and contraction.
- From an environmental point of view, the engineered wood floors use half as many trees to make as ordinary wood floors.
Engineered wood flooring is often finished before delivery to the construction site and has beveled ends. During installation of engineered wood flooring, glue is used to bind the layers. Other minor benefits of the engineered wood flooring are:
- They are stable and accepted in many parts of the world.
- Engineered wood flooring installation systems enable quicker installation and a more efficient way of replacing the floorboards.
- Engineered wood flooring also permits a sophisticated installation whereby the planks are not adhered to each other, thereby further enhancing ease of repair and cutting on the time spent during installation.
- Engineered wood flooring is appropriate for radiant heating systems.
Engineered wood flooring comprises of multiple layers of wood. The top layer of the flooring, also known as a lamella, is visible after the installation of the flooring.
The firmness of the engineered wood flooring is realized by running every layer at an angle of 90° to the layer directly above it. The solidity makes the engineered wood flooring a universally accepted product which can be mounted over all kinds of subfloors below.
Engineered wood flooring is one of the most common and accepted forms of wood flooring used in the world. There are various classes of engineered wood flooring:
- All timber wood floors that are made from cut wood are the most common type of engineered wood flooring.
- Veneer floors which are a product of composite wood and have a thin layer of wood
- Acrylic impregnated wood flooring.
Laminate and vinyl floors are commonly confused with engineered wood flooring which they are not.
Wood flooring is any product made from timber for the purpose of flooring and can either be artistic or structural.
Currently, wood is a preferred choice of flooring in varied constructions. This is high because of wood’s environmental contour, storability, and resilience.
Wood flooring are in diverse forms that include, hardwood flooring, solid wood flooring, bamboo flooring and parquet flooring.
However, there are other forms of manufactured wood flooring which are not as popular as the latter.
These include dry solid-sawn floors, sliced peel floors, and rotary peeled floorings. In dry solid sawn floors, the cut timber is stored in areas with low humidity and let to dry slowly until all the moisture inside the wood is completely eliminated.
After the timber is completely dry, it is sawn into thinner shreds. The product from this kind of manufacturer faces few challenges especially concerning moisture problems.
Rotary peeled floorings are manufactured by first boiling the wood logs in water at a set temperature for a specified period.
Afterward, the boiled wood log is peeled from the exterior towards the center thereby creating a wood coating. This wood coating is then pressurized with an aim of giving it a plywood appearance.
In the manufacture of sliced peel floorings, the wood log is boiled in water just like in the rotary peeled flooring. The difference comes whereby instead of rotary cutting, the boiled log is sliced in a straight manner.
Two of the most common finishes for the engineered wood flooring are oil-modified urethane finish and water-based polyurethane finish.
Floor with real wood
These are also known as real wood floors. They constitute of both solid wood flooring and engineered wood flooring.
Solid wood flooring is a thick piece of wood that has a thickness which varies depending on the user. This type of flooring can be used in rooms above the ground. Solid wood flooring can be refinished and sanded as many times as possible.
Solid wood floors are most suitable dining rooms, living rooms and even in kitchens. On the other hand, engineered wood floors, as earlier discussed, are manufactured by multiple wood cuttings which can be the same or different species of wood.
Engineered wood floors are either glued or nailed to a concrete floor. Real wood floors can either be finished in the factory or at the construction site.
With the on-site finished floors, you can make a choice of what finish you want in terms of maintenance and cleaning.
As for the factory finished engineered floors, all the necessary finishes are applied prior to their transportation to the construction site and are also available in many different options.
The only main drawback of these factory-finished floors is that you cannot customize them to your own liking. Conversely, the floors have two major advantages over the on-site finished floors.
One of the advantages being that they are easier to install than the on-site finished flooring. The other advantage is that you can walk on them immediately after they have been installed.
Solid wood flooring
Solid wood flooring is manufactured by grinding a single slice of timber which is dried prior to its sawing.
The timber is cut into three distinct ways depending on the desired appearance. These ways comprise of, flat sawing, rift and quarter sawing.
The dried piece of timber is then cut into desired portions, packed and transported to the factory for finishing.
However, the cut pieces can also be packed and transported to the construction site where they are engineered into finished wood flooring.
Moisture content during manufacture time is cautiously controlled in order to guarantee that the end-product does not distort when being transported or stored.
Solid wood floorings are available in numerous brands that have different features. For the purpose of minimizing cupping, each solid wooden floor has a grooving cut at the back that runs the length of every beam.
Solid hardwood floors are floors made from planks ground from one piece of timber. Initially, hardwood floors were used for physical purposes by being vertically fitted to the wooden backup beams of a building.
Engineered wood flooring has become widespread in many parts due to the amplified usage of concrete as a subfloor.
The biggest problem, however, arises from the fact that solid wood floors are still dominant in the market hence this is a major drawback for the hardwood flooring.
This is because solid wood flooring has an advantage of being thicker than the engineered wood flooring.
There are two major categories of hardwood flooring namely, solid hardwood flooring and long strip engineered wood flooring.
Solid hardwood is made from exotic hardwood trees which are sourced from particular parts of the world due to their scarcity. These floorings should be manufactured to a maximum thickness of three-quarters of an inch.
These hardwood floors come in handy for finishing of rooms that have a controlled temperature and humid conditions.
In order to have the best results after installation of the hardwood floors, fit them in appropriate wooden subfloors.
For the long strip engineered floors, they are cut in a cross-sectional manner that defies expansion and contraction brought by climatic changes, especially regarding humidity.
These floors are presented in long strips or slats that have different width and length.
The hardwood floorings are most preferred for installation in rooms that need extra stability. However, they can also be fitted in other rooms in accordance to the owner’s like. The long strip engineered floors are installed in a variety of subfloors.
Bamboo flooring is a type of an engineered wood floor made from the bamboo plant. Bamboo flooring is prepared by first cutting mature bamboo stems into culms after which they are crosscut to desired length and width.
The covering and swellings are then removed. Afterward, the bamboo shreds are then dried and polished.
The natural color of the bamboo at this stage is close to beech wood. In case a gloomier color like that of oak is preferred, the bamboo is steamed under regulated pressure and heat.
This process minimizes the bamboo floor’s rigidity considerably as compared to the concrete floors that do not undergo this process.
Nowadays, the majority of the bamboo flooring products comes from various portions of Asia and South America in the amazon forested region.
The bamboo species most frequently used for flooring is the Moso bamboo. Bamboo is used as a substitute during flooring in constructions mainly due to its physical characteristics that match those of true hardwoods.
Sellers promote bamboo flooring by majoring on its strength, toughness, eco-friendliness and natural resistance to wetness as well as insects.
Bamboo flooring exists in various forms, and every type differs concerning, the manufacturing procedure, economic viability and most importantly the customers’ preference.
The finished bamboo floors are availed in floorboards that have either a perpendicular or horizontal positioning.
Vertical bamboo floors have constituent pieces that are stood upright on their slimmest edge and are then bonded side to side.
The result of this is an even appearance especially on the exterior of the finished bamboo flooring.
Horizontal bamboo floors are joined on their broadest edge and stuck together. They are then merged adjacent to each other with the use of a highly pressurized system.
The bamboo nodes become visible on the completed plane surfaces.
Bamboo flooring is the easiest form of engineered wood flooring to install whereby every flooring board interconnecting joints that snap exactly into place.
Through a combination of the acquired board arrangement and color, various different and unique styles are produced.
This is a type of engineered wood flooring that uses a geometric assortment of plank pieces to bring a decorative outcome.
Parquet flooring is also made from scrap pieces of wood collected from woodworks and wood industrial operations. The crumbs are collected then cut into equal length blocks.
After this process, the formed blocks are arranged into tiles with a designed pattern. The parquet floorings are then intertwined by twisting one tile into the desired pattern thus creating a parquet form of flooring.
Due to its soft nature, ornamental form and preferable slight sizes regarding width, parquet flooring are said to be a superb material for house flooring.
Parquetry is used for flooring and veneer patterns on furniture. The main sources of the parquet include chips from oak, cherry, pine, and maple. However, for more color rich parquets, mahogany timber chips may be used.
Parquet floors typically use cold gums for bonding them together. Parquet floors are cleaned by use of a brush or a moppet but only when it is necessary. Parquet floors last for a long period and thus require minimal or no maintenance at all.
Mostly, these engineered parquet floors are found in home or hotel bedrooms and lobbies and are considered better than floor tiles because of their warmth on barefoot.
This kind of engineered wood flooring is an invention that creates awareness on emerging issues of both environmental and economic wastes produced during the manufacture of the various wood products.
This is achieved by the conversion of these waste materials into classy flooring that is both affordable and less time consuming in its creation.
These parquet floorings have various advantages:
- They are very easy and fast to install.
- They have a strong bond due to the multiple glue joints.
- The strips are evenly stuck on the concrete floors without the need of creating a rough surface like in other types of tiles.